About hematoma

What is hematoma?

A hematoma is a collection of blood outside of a blood vessel.

  • Symptoms of hematomas depend upon their location and whether adjacent structures are affected by the inflammation and swelling associated with the bleeding.
  • Treatment of a hematoma depends upon which organ or body tissue is affected.
  • Superficial hematomas of the skin and soft tissue, such as muscle, may be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Heat may also be considered.



Is there a cure/medications for hematoma?

Usually, hematoma underneath the skin and within soft tissues such as muscles can be treated at home using the following methods:

  • Elastic bandages help to keep swelling at bay.
  • Elevating the affected area to alleviate swelling
  • Using ice packs multiple times each day for the first 24 to 48 hours to minimize swelling and soreness.
  • Warm compresses after 2 days of ice to aid in the fluid's absorption into the body
  • Some internal hematomas, like most subcutaneous hematomas, are innocuous and will dissolve on their own. Following a thorough examination, your doctor will choose the appropriate treatment.
  • Larger hematomas require different medical care depending on their location and etiology. Hematomas between the skull and the brain may necessitate the removal of a portion of the skull or the drilling of a hole through the skull to relieve pressure on the brain.


Other possible hematoma treatments include:

  • Changing the anticoagulant dosage to minimize bleeding and hematoma development
  • Changes in lifestyle, such as decreasing or discontinuing alcohol consumption
  • Treatment for an underlying cause, including vitamin supplementation for deficiencies, blood transfusions for platelet deficiencies, and clotting factors for bleeding problems.
  • Medications to treat hematoma consequences such as anemia or infection
  • Therapies to drain or eliminate a hematoma, heal an injury, or heal an aneurysm are examples of surgery.


Symptoms
Discoloration, inflammation, and edema, as well as pain in the affected area,Redness,Heat in the skin around the hematoma,A strong and growing headache,Students with varying abilities,Having difficulties moving an arm or a leg,Loss of hearing,Swallowing difficulties,Sleepiness,Drowsiness,Consciousness loss
Conditions
A damage to the wall of a blood artery that causes blood to leak out into the surrounding tissues
Drugs
Chlorotrianisene,Idursulfase,Nadroparin,Pegaspargase,Reviparin Sodium



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