A pilonidal cyst is an abnormal pocket in the skin that usually contains hair and skin debris. A pilonidal cyst is almost always located near the tailbone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks.
Pilonidal cysts usually occur when hair punctures the skin and then becomes embedded. If a pilonidal cyst becomes infected, the resulting abscess is often extremely painful.
- Pilonidal cysts most commonly occur in young men, and the problem tends to recur. People who sit for prolonged periods, such as truck drivers, are at higher risk of developing a pilonidal cyst
Depending on the severity of your symptoms, the patient may or may not need surgery to remove your pilonidal cyst. There are several other treatment methods available besides surgery, including:
- Draining the cyst: This procedure can happen right in your provider’s office. A small incision will be made to open and drain fluid from your infected cyst.
- Injections: Injections of phenol, an acidic chemical compound can treat and prevent mild and moderate pilonidal cysts.
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics can treat skin inflammation. However, antibiotics can’t heal pilonidal cysts on their own.
- Laser therapy: Laser therapy can remove hair which otherwise might become ingrown and cause more pilonidal cysts to come back.
- home remedies like warm compress and topical application of antihistamines might be helpful in treating this condition.
- If the cyst is too painful it over the counter painkillers like aspirin can be taken.
Fluid-filled sac under the skin in the lower back,Near the crease of the buttocks
Small hole or tunnel in the skin filled with fluid or pus, causing the formation of a cyst or abscess
Antibiotics,Hot compresses,Topical treatment