Select a specific condition below to view its details.
Albinism is a rare genetic condition caused by mutations of certain genes that affect the amount of melanin your body produces. Melanin controls the pigmentation (color) of your skin, eyes, and hair.People with albinism have extremely pale skin, eyes, and hair. They are at an increased risk of vision, skin, and social issues; the patients aren't born with the usual amount of melanin pigment.Melanin is a ch Read More
- Oculocutaneous albinism
Oculocutaneous albinism is a group of conditions that affect the pigmentation of the skin, hair, and eyes. Affected individuals typically have very fair skin and white or light-colored hair.Long-term sun exposure greatly increases the risk of skin damage and skin cancers, including an aggressive form of skin cancer called melanoma, in people with this condition.Oculocutaneous albinism also reduces pigmenta Read More
- Primary anemia
Pernicious anemia is a rare blood disorder characterized by the inability of the body to properly utilize vitamin B12, which is essential for the development of red blood cells. Most cases result from the lack of the gastric protein known as intrinsic factor, without which vitamin B12 cannot be absorbed. The symptoms of pernicious anemia may include weakness, fatigue, an upset stomach, an abnormally rapid heartbeat (tachycardia), a Read More
- Urticaria, perstans hemorrhagica
Perstans hemorrhagica urticaria or Urticaria pigmentosa is a rash that most commonly affects children and young adults.It consists of reddish-brown lesions that, when rubbed, might cause hives or blisters.Darier's sign refers to this reaction.Mastocytosis is a kind of urticaria pigmentosa.Mast cells, which are part of your immune system, accumulate during this time. Mastocytosis can a Read More