About weil syndrome
What is weil syndrome?
Weil syndrome, a rare infectious disorder, is a severe form of the bacterial infection caused by Leptospira bacteria known as leptospirosis. Weil syndrome is characterized by dysfunction of the kidneys and liver, abnormal enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly), persistent yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes (jaundice), and/or alterations in consciousness. In most cases, Weil syndrome occurs among individuals who are exposed to affected animals.
What are the symptoms for weil syndrome?
Symptoms of Weil syndrome usually start abruptly, with headache, disturbances in consciousness, Pain in muscles and abdomen, a stiff neck, lack of appetite (anorexia), chills, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Prostration, coughing, expectoration of blood-stained sputum (hemoptysis), and nosebleed (epistaxis) may also occur. Yellowing of the skin (jaundice), bleeding in muscles, gastrointestinal tract, and visceral organs may be widespread. Small purplish-red spots (petechiae) may appear, caused by hemorrhages in the skin. Enlarged lymph nodes, and continued Fever may occur for several days. Respiratory distress syndrome which includes great Difficulty breathing and dangerously low levels of oxygen in the blood (hypoxemia) may sometimes develop in Weil syndrome.
Signs of liver and kidney dysfunction usually appear from the 3rd to the 6th day. Kidney abnormalities may include the appearance of protein (proteinuria), Pus (pyuria), or blood in the urine (hematuria), and an excess of urea in the blood (azotemia). The kidney is often enlarged, and its capsule is tense. Bleeding in many places throughout the body may occur due to injury of tiny blood vessels (capillaries). A low number of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) may also occur. Damage to the liver is usually minimal and complete healing almost always occurs. Fever usually abates on the 7th day, but it may be recurrent for weeks. After age 50 the prognosis for Weil syndrome is less optimistic than for younger people.
What are the causes for weil syndrome?
Weil syndrome is caused by an infection from the bacteria Leptospira icterohemorrhagiae or other related types of this bacteria (such as L canicola, or L pomona). The infection is usually transferred to humans through urine or tissue of an infected domestic or wild animal. The infection enters through a skin abrasion or the mucous membranes.
What are the treatments for weil syndrome?
If begun in the first three or four days after the onset of symptoms, the intravenous administration of antibiotics may be effective. Peritoneal dialysis in combination with antibiotics has been used successfully in some patients.
Is there a cure/medications for weil syndrome?
When a person's symptoms are more severe, intravenous antibiotics may be necessary for weil syndrome. People who exhibit leptospirosis-like symptoms ought to get in touch with a medical professional.
- Simple leptospirosis typically manifests as a minor, self-limiting illness that goes away on its own. You might need to stay in the hospital if you have Weil's illness. You'll probably get intravenous antibiotics in the hospital. The underlying bacterial infection will become better thanks to this. Two of the most preferred antibiotics are penicillin and doxycycline.
- Depending on your symptoms and the organs that are impacted, you can possibly receive further therapies. For instance, if you have breathing problems, you can be hooked up to a ventilator. You might need dialysis if your kidneys have been harmed and contaminated.
- Weil's illness can cause heart failure, liver failure, or kidney failure if it is not treated. Rarely, it could even be fatal.
- Make an appointment with your doctor if you think you could have Weil's disease. Your chances of recovering can be significantly increased by quickly starting antibiotics. In order to manage potential consequences, your doctor could possibly recommend additional therapies.
Headache,Disturbances in consciousness,Pain in muscles and abdomen,A stiff neck,Lack of appetite (anorexia),Chills,Nausea,Vomiting,Fever
Decreased urination,Jaundice,Rapid heartbeat